Duke University began in 1838 when Methodist and Quaker families hired Brantley York as a teacher for what was then their subscription school. Under York, the school, housed in the little-used Brown’s Schoolhouse grew to become Union Institute. The Quakers, however, soon began to focus their attention on their own school in Guilford County, leading York’s successor, Braxton Craven, to obtain a rechartering of the Randolph County school as Normal College in 1851.
Craven, who was a licensed and ordained Methodist minister, turned to the Methodist Episcopal church, South in order to keep the school operational. Public schools of that era were still emerging and the trustees agreed to provide free education to Methodist preachers in return for the financial support they needed from the church. In 1859, the school changed its name to Trinity College. Enrollment increased, although the school continued to struggle financially. The school was one of the few in the South that was not forced to close during the Civil War and Reconstruction.
In 1887, John Crowell, trained in the German University model, became president. The German model emphasized research over recitation and a major overhaul of the curriculum began. The first campus-wide research library was crated and the trustees began looking for an urban setting that would make it easier to attract students and financial support.
In 1892, Durham was selected as the location for the new campus. Washington Duke and Julian S. Carr who were respected Methodists who had earned their fortune in the tobacco industry, generously donated three gifts of $100,000 each for endowment, one of which required that women be admitted on “equal footing with men.” Faculty were recruited from the new graduate school at Johns Hopkins, Columbia and other high-quality institutes of higher learning.
The push for equal rights for people of color to attend institutes of higher learning began at Duke University when John S. Bassett, a professor of history, published essays in a scholarly journal regarding the views at the time of race relations. Many called for his dismissal, but the college continued its reputation for independent thought and scholarship.
In 1924, James B. Duke, the son of Washington Duke, created the Duke Endowment, a $40-millioin trust fund with $19-million designated to rebuild the old campus as well as establish a new campus. In honor of the donation, the school was renamed Duke University, something James Duke agreed to only on the condition that the name be used to recognize his father’s legacy.
Today, Duke University has an enrollment of around 6,500 undergraduate and 8,000 graduate students. Students attend from every state in the country as well as many foreign countries. Curriculum has expanded to include biomedical engineering, public policy, microelectronics and black church affairs.
Duke University Accreditation Details
Duke University is regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Regional accreditation indicates that the university offers students programs that meet all criteria issued by the agency and that they strive to improve any areas identified. Programs throughout the university are also accredited by industry specific organizations and associations.
Duke University Application Requirements
In order to apply to Duke University, students must complete an application for admission and pay the applicable fee. Duke does not require a minimum SAT or SAT Score. There is also not a minimum GPA requirement or class rank. Students should have a sense of engagement in their community, an inclination to take advantage of their talent, an interest in being challenged, a desire to make a difference, creativity, curiosity and an openness to opportunity. Students must provide an official high school transcript as well as recommendations from two teachers and a counselor. Students must be able to demonstrate extracurricular activities, complete an application essay and provide standardized test scores.
Applicants for graduate degrees must hold a bachelor’s degree or higher from a regionally accredited institution. Students must provide official transcripts, letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose. Students must also provide a resume and GRE scores. Some programs may also require a writing sample or other requirements. Transcripts should have the student’s GPA displayed.
Duke University Tuition and Financial Aid
Full-time tuition at Duke University is $51,510 per year for undergraduate studies. Graduate tuition varies depending on the program. Financial aid is available in the form of grants, scholarships, loans and work-study programs. Students must complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in order to qualify for any aid. Duke University meets 100 percent of demonstrated financial need for students. Additional aid may be available for graduate students.
Duke University Degree Programs Available
Master of Science in Nursing
The Master of Science in Nursing program offers seven advanced practice majors and three non-clinical majors. Students may choose from:
- Adult-Gerontology Nurse Practitioner – Acute Care
- Adult-Gerontology Nurse Practitioner – Primary Care
- Family Nurse Practitioner
- Pediatric Nurse Practitioner – Acute Care
- Pediatric Nurse Practitioner – Primary Care
- Neonatal Nurse Practitioner
- Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner
Each major requires students to complete 11 credit hours of clinical core course. Students must complete a final clinical residency with total credit hours to complete the program between 42 and 49. Students may group courses into advanced practice studies in areas that include:
- Veterans Health Care Concentration
Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Major
The Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Major is for students who wish to enter leadership roles in healthcare administration. Students are provided a strong foundation in complex systems, organizational theory, financial management and leadership practices necessary to operate a variety of healthcare organizations. The degree is available completely online making it easier for working adults to obtain the degree. The program includes traditional management techniques as well as new ways of management and leadership. The final course, Synthesis of Specialty Practice, is an intensive experience in a healthcare organization allowing students wot work with an experienced manager, administrator or executive on a collaborative project.
Duke University has been providing excellence in education for almost 200 years. The university offers many programs with flexible schedules, including night or weekend classes as well as online options, so that working adults can achieve their higher education goals. Duke University provides flexibility that allow those with work, family or social obligations that prevent them from attending traditional classes the ability to advance in a current career or move into a new career.